Pain management programs rooted in the biopsychosocial approach lead to reduced pain. ORLANDO — The 2017 annual meeting of the American Academy of Pain Medicine (AAPM) included a presentation on biopsychosocial approaches for functional pain syndromes. 1 It was led by Martin D. Cheatle, PhD, associate professor of psychology at the University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, and director of pain and chemical dependency research at the Center for Studies of Addiction there. According to the biopsychosocial model , pain originates in the nervous system in response to a physiologic stimulus, but an individual’s pain experience depends on a complex interaction between various biological, environmental, psychological, and societal factors. 2 Studies have shown that pain management programs rooted in this approach, which often include cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), physical exercise, and medication management, led to reduced pain, increased activity, and improved daily functioning in patients with chronic pain. 3,4 The biopsychosocial treatment program for functional pain syndromes covered by Dr Cheatle includes the following components: · CBT and Acceptance and Commitment Therapy. CBT aims to correct maladaptive cognitive and behavioral patterns that commonly occur in patients with chronic noncancer pain, such as catastrophizing and kinesiophobia. It encourages patients […]
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